Venice is the most beautiful city in the world. The city of Venice is located on the northeastern coast of Italy and is the center of the Veneto region. This city is made up of 115 to 118 small islands and offers stunning and breathtaking views in front of tourists at all hours of the day and night.
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The city is a collection of small islands separated by canals and can be reached by boat. Hence, it seems that this city is floating on water. This feature and the multiplicity of magnificent and ancient architectural works have made this city one of the favorite destinations of tourists and travel enthusiasts.
Venice Geographical Location
The city has many islands, some of which are connected by a bridge and some of which are separated. The number of islands in the city is 118. This city is also sea level.
The historic part of Venice is located in the center of the city and is divided into six parts. Before traveling to this city, you need to get comprehensive information about the city. The six areas in central are Castello, Sudoro, Santa Croce, Canarju, San Marco and San Pello.
The six areas are located on either side of the Cannabis Grand or Grand Canal. This channel connects 150 smaller channels. Another important island in the city is Murano, whose glass art is famous.
The island of Burano is another famous island in Venice with its colorful houses and the art of weaving. Lido is another island in the city that has a beautiful and relaxing beach.
Many believe that this historic site was home to people who fled the Troy War. But archaeologists have found that the city dates back to the fifth and sixth centuries AD.
When the Berbers invaded Rome, large numbers of Venice mainland fled and dispersed. So in the beginning, the residences of this city were temporary, and its inhabitants turned them into their permanent residences. Because of their location in the swamp, they had to build stronger houses.
They decided to build houses on wooden platforms that would protect the structures. These small islands were later connected by bridges, making it easier for them to communicate. This construction made the city look like a floating city.
Later, the city grew and became known around the world as the Republic of Venice, which was ruled by the Duke of Venice, the highest official of this republic;
Someone who promoted Venice’s trade with Europe. Eventually, the city began trading with other countries. Special trade rights with the Roman Empire made it a wealthy and independent city in less than a century.
Economic losses and improper trade with the Roman Empire led to the looting of Venice’s wealth over time. Numerous trade wars with the empire, the war with Genoa, Venice’s commercial rival in the 2001s, and attacks on the city made Venice very vulnerable.
To save the city, Venice joined nearby cities such as Verona and Vicenza. This restored part of Venice’s economic power.
With the fall of Constantinople and the invasion of the Turks, this power declined again. Victories in wars slowed this destruction. During these victories and defeats in numerous wars and conflicts, the city ceded its empire to Britain and the Netherlands.
The independence of the Republic of Venice ended in 1797; When Napoleon’s army forced the city to accept the rule of this democratic government.
Spring and Autumn
Spring and autumn are the times of intermittent climate change. Since spring is before summer and autumn is after, these seasons have a pleasant warmth during the day and a pleasant coolness at night. May has average minimum and maximum temperatures of 12 and 21 degrees Celsius, respectively.
In October, the maximum temperature is estimated at 18 degrees and the minimum at 9 degrees Celsius. The only difference between spring and autumn in terms of climate is that sunny days are more common in spring. With the descriptions of the two mentioned seasons, the best season to visit Venice is spring or autumn.
The city of Venice has a hot and humid climate in summer. So that in the hottest time the air temperature reaches 25 degrees Celsius on average and in the coldest time it reaches 16 degrees Celsius. As we know, Venice is floating on water canals. In the summer, as the weather gets warmer, the humidity has risen and is sometimes annoying. However, this season hosts many tourists touring the city.
The city gets colder in winter and peaks in January. The average temperature in this season is between -0.9 and 12 ° C. It should be noted that with the decrease of air temperature, sometimes the water in the passages rises and covers the surface of the street.
the city is a tourist city and 70% of its income is provided by tourists. The tourism industry is very influential in the Italian economy. According to the Central Bank of Italy, in 2017, revenues from the tourism industry increased compared to 2016. In 2017, revenue from this sector was about 40 billion euros, which is 2.3% of the country’s GDP.
Major agricultural products include cereals, vegetables, grapes and olives, and cheese and livestock products are among Italy’s exports.
The concentration of industries such as textiles, automobiles, engineering machinery and heavy industries in the north of the country, which has absorbed 50% of the Italian labor force, has created an economic and social gap between the north and south of the country.
The government of the city is influenced by the government of Italy and is of the republican type.
The University of Ca ‘Foscari Venice (Italian: Università Ca’ Foscari Venezia) is a public university in Venice, Italy.
The University of Cafescari in this city was founded in 1868 at the Gothic Palace, inspired by the name of the university and located in the center of Venice next to the Grand Canal. It is a unique urban center located in a lagoon on the beach. Northeast Italy is directly connected to the Adriatic Sea.
Their traditional dishes are very tasty, such as coda vala vaccinara (beef stew cooked with wine, tomatoes and peppers) and the broth on their pasta.
They have traditional pizzas that are prepared very quickly and are cheap. Enjoy authentic pizzas such as Ala Romana, a slim pizza with a crispy edge. But be careful that this pizza is prepared with a charcoal stove because it is much tastier that way. Eat Italian ice cream or glato as much as you want.
For people who have limited opportunities to stay in the city, it is best to shop at any store. In this city, like other cities in Italy, famous clothing brands can be found in abundance.
Prada, Armani, Gucci, Versace and brands have branches in Venice. There are very good boutiques here and single items such as clothes, handbags, shoes and are offered in different shops of this city.
It is also famous in the world for its water canals. About 150 canals or waterways connect the 118 islands of Venice. Interestingly, these islands are connected by 400 bridges.
In the old and historical part of the city, the canals play the role of a street and in them, taxis and blue buses transport passengers.
Venice is the largest car-free city in Europe. The northern part of the city retains the texture of previous centuries, so that people either use boats or travel to their destination on foot, and Venice is a city without cars and trucks. The city of Venice has 25 blue bus lines.
The traditional and classic Venetian boat called the Gondola is mostly used by tourists today or it is used for weddings and other celebrations. Most Venetians take the blue bus. The city also has a large number of private boats, which are the same as private cars.
Regata Storica: Regata Storica, a major sailing event in Venice, is on the calendar on September 3rd. This unique sport has been practiced in the lagoon of Venice for thousands of years, and today the magnificent historical display is more important than the competition itself.
October Marathon: October Marathon October is a major sporting event in Italy and Venice.
Festa della Salute: The celebration of Della Salut, which takes place in November, is associated with a mystical and deeply religious atmosphere.
This event was recorded in the calendar by the Republic of Venice in 1630. The bridge and the access road to the church of Madonna della Salute during this celebration, with its beautiful decorations and the presence of vendors with beautiful souvenirs and handicrafts, is an interesting experience for tourists.
Facts about Venice in Italy
Facts about the city are as follows:
1. In recent years, a law has been enacted in Venice that prohibits the use of expensive decorations during art or cultural festivals, either by the government or by the people.
2. Every year, 18 million tourists visit Venice, which means that about 50,000 people visit this beautiful city as a tourist every day.
3. In 1608, the use of masks to completely cover the face was banned at festivals in Venice, and in those years there was severe treatment of offenders.
4. Rising seawater is commonplace in fashion, meaning that in Venice, especially in spring and autumn, the water level rises so high that it disrupts traffic and fills the city’s back alleys with water, just like floods. Ordinary fashion, when accompanied by storms and waves, causes the water to rise too much, which is a common problem in Venice and everyone is used to it. Since 2003, a huge mobile marine dam project that is unique in its kind has been underway to combat the rising phenomenon of water.
5. There are more than 177 water canals in the city.
6. The Grand S Canal, like in Venice, is one of the largest and most popular water canals in the city. This canal divides the city into two parts.
7. There are more than 170 water structures under the Grand Canal in Venice.
8. Canals are the main means of communication in Venice, and if you are staying in a hotel, pay attention to the main communication channels and routes.
9. There are more than 450 luxury residential complexes in Venice.
10. Luxury and royal houses in Venice are a combination of Byzantine, Gothic and Baroque styles.
11. The many chimneys on the houses make the shape of Venice beautiful.
12. The bell tower of St. Mark’s Church in Venice was built in the 12th century and part of the tower collapsed in 1902. The tower was rebuilt immediately after demolition, and the accuracy of the reconstruction was such that no apparent difference was seen between the old tower and the new tower.
13. The structure of tall buildings in Venice is mostly based on wood.
14. The water level of Venice rises by about 1 to 2 mm every year; Venice is slowly sinking!
15. Venice has 118 islands, 416 bridges, 177 canals and 127 squares.
16. Venice Lagoon is 15 meters deep.
17. Venice’s population has grown from 120,000 to 60,000 in the last 50 years.
18. According to some experts, by 2030, Venice will become a ghost town and will be deserted. Only people visit Venice to visit historical sites.
19. One of the constant fears about Venice is the sinking of the city!
20. During the high tide, many tourists come to Venice to visit the phenomenon, but many Venice natives prefer to leave the city at this time.
21. Maintenance of old houses in Venice is very expensive.
22. The city is about 1500 years old.
23. The Republic of Venice was one of the most powerful republics in the region between 1300 and 1500.
24. Feeding pigeons is forbidden in Venice.
Most important questions about Venice
let’s see what tourists have to say about the city of Venice:
- Are Venice buildings floating?
The fact is that the buildings in this city are built on solid wooden structures that have a water base.
- Can Venice sink?
Although it seems that every few millimeters of Venetian buildings sink more into the water each year, engineered estimates suggest that even the worst possible flood in the city could not exceed 10% of Its buildings will be submerged and another 90% will still be out of the water.
- Did Venice always have canals?
In the 5th century AD, in the current location of the city, there was a large lagoon with only a few small and uninhabitable islands.
Early settlers in the city were forced to evacuate part of the lagoons, dig canals and build dry beaches in order to make the land habitable. Most of them used alder wood to build water-resistant structures and used wooden platforms to build their buildings.
- Do Venice canals smell?
Tourists say that in the summer, when the water level of the Venetian canals is a little lower, they smell a bit.
- Does Venice have roads?
There are a very limited number of streets in this city and in fact we have only one main street and a few side branches.
- Does Venice beach allow dogs?
Dogs are allowed on the beaches from 11 a.m. to 8 p.m. on Saturdays and Sundays and other holidays.
- Does Venice have an airport?
Marco Polo Airport (IATA: VCE, ICAO: LIPZ) is the international airport.
- Does Venice have cars?
Almost no cars can be seen in the city, but cars may be seen on its limited streets.
- Where is Venice Film Festival held?
The Film Festival is held on the island of the Lido in the Venice Lagoon. Screenings take place in the historic Palazzo del Cinema.
- When is Film Festival held in Venice ?
The Festival is held in late August or early September. This is one of the most famous film festivals in the world.
As you can see, this city is one of the most beautiful and spectacular cities in Europe and its tourist aspect is very prominent.