Salzburg Austria – Everything you need to know about

Salzburg is one of the most delightful and old urban areas on the planet. Surely lovers of classical music have heard the name of this city because it is the birthplace of the great musician, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. In addition to the historical aspect, this city has cultural attractions, wonderful landscapes, and beautiful structures that make it one of the best tourist destinations in the world.

Salzburg city Geography

Salzburg is the capital of the state of Salzburg and It is situated in the Statutory city in the west of Austria. besides, it is the fourth biggest city in Austria. The city has an area of 65,678 square kilometers and a population of 150,887 people. The official language of this city is the German language.

Salzburg city Geography

Salzberg is located on the banks of the Zaltsach River and the northern borders of the Alps. This magnificent city is 150 km east of Munich, 281 km northwest of Ljubljana, Slovenia, and 300 km west of Vienna.

Salzburg city Geography


What is the city of Salzburg famous for?

The city is well known for its Hohensalzburg Castle, Hellbrunn Palace, and Mozart Museums. The city is known as one of UNESCO’s World Heritage.

The city is likewise known for being the area of the celebrated fantasy film, The Sound of Music, featuring Julie Andrews and Christopher Plummer. Other attractions in the city include houses built in the style of 14th and 15th-century architecture and unique chapels.

The tourist attractions of this city are so many that if you have a day trip to this city and spend all your day visiting the tourist attractions without any rest or food, you will still miss many places at the end of the day.



The first settlers in Salzburg were a group of nomadic Indo-European tribes called the Celts, who settled in the city around the 5th century AD. The city separated from Bavaria in the 14th century and became an independent city then.

Hohensalzburg Castle, Hellbrunn Palace

When World War I was wrapped up in 1918 and the Austro-Hungarian Empire broke down, the city of Salzburg turned out to be one of the new German-Austrian Empire cities.


salzburg what to do ?

‏Hellbrunn Palace‏

Archbishop Markus Sittikus ordered this palace in 1613 for his entertainment. However, this magnificent palace, completed in the early 17th century, was not a residence. That is why this palace has no chambers.

Hellbrunn Palace

In the event that you have seen the celebrated film, The Sound of Music, you probably observed this royal residence. when you want to visit this palace, you must first wear a special suit. Because you will surely get wet by the fountains of this palace! In December, the castle gardens are loaded up with Christmas markets that you can visit.

Fürstenweg 37, Hellbrunn, Salzburg

Address: Fürstenweg 37, Hellbrunn, Salzburg

Official site:


Mirabell Palace and Gardens

This palace is one of the architectural attractions of Salzburg, which was built in 1606. But over time, due to erosion, it was rebuilt several times in the Baroque style between 1721 and 1727. After the fire of 1818, the palace was rebuilt in the simpler Neoclassical style, and now it is slightly different from its original appearance.

architectural attractions of Salzburg

Part of the stunning beauty of its garden is because of the statues that surround the palace. If you are planning a wedding, it is a good idea to choose this palace as your wedding venue.

architectural attractions of Salzburg

Because many brides and grooms have celebrated the beginning of their life together in this beautiful garden. Just like the Hellbrunn Palace, this garden was one of the locations of The Sound of Music too.

Address: Mirabellplatz 4, Salzburg



Kapuzinerberg is a hill located in the east of the Salzach River and is approximately 640 meters long. If you go to this hill, you can enjoy the sounds of birds and various animals in the surrounding lands. To get to this hill, you will use a special path.

Kapuzinerberg Salzburg

You will have a wonderful journey as you walk in this path to reach the highest level of the hill and I should mention that although this path is going through woods, It is completely safe.

Kapuzinerberg Salzburg

The structures in the hill are related to the Neolithic period. So if you are a fan of prehistoric artifacts, this is the place for you. You visit this hill and enjoy its green space as well as the prehistoric artifacts. At the end of the hill, you will reach a temple which was once a part of an old castle and is hidden among the woods of the hill.


Mozart’s Birthplace

Without a doubt, you have heard the name of the virtuoso artist Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. The house of this musical genius, born on January 27, 1756, is located on the Getreidegasse.

Mozart's Birthplace

His home has been transformed into a historical center and the individuals who are intrigued can visit it. The house has three floors, the first floor of which shows his daily life, and his tools, documents, and portraits of him.

Mozart's Birthplace

On the second floor, you can see the musical aspect of his life, you can see Mozart’s musical instruments, his clothes, and composing sheets. The third floor is related to his family life and this floor is exactly where he was born.

Address: Getreidegasse 9, Salzburg

Official site:


Salzburg Cathedral (Salzburger Dom)

This church is the largest and the most magnificent one in the city.  Salzburg Cathedral was built in the eighth century. However, due to the damage caused by World War II, the church was rebuilt in the 17th century in the Italian Baroque style, and therefore its current form is slightly different from the original one.

Salzburg Cathedral (Salzburger Dom)

On the front side of the church, there is a statue of the Blessed Virgin Mary and four figures are made under this marble statue which symbolizes the angel, wisdom, devil, and the church. The popular musician and composer, Mozart, was baptized in this chapel.

Salzburg Cathedral (Salzburger Dom)

Another beautiful part of this church is its three bronze doors, which are a symbol of faith, love, and hope. Inside the church, you can see its beautiful altar decorated with paintings about the resurrection. If you like, you can look at burial vaults and artifacts in the crypt and see the world of the dead.

Salzburg Cathedral (Salzburger Dom)

Remember to visit the bethel historical center to see the assortments of liturgical objects and art objects from the Salzburg archdiocese. You can visit the 8th-century Carolingian Cross of St. See Rupert, Gothic statues and paintings, and items from the Cathedral Treasury in the museum. You can visit the bethel site for more data on visiting times and forthcoming festivals.

Address: Domplatz 1a, 5020 Salzburg

Official site:


‏Hanger 7‎ ‏

Hanger 7 is one of Salzburg’s most famous museums, displaying a complete collection of old aircraft, Formula 1 racing cars, and helicopters.

Salzburg's most famous museums

By visiting this museum, you will kill two birds with one stone, because you will see the beautiful building of the museum and enjoy the artifacts inside it.

Salzburg's most famous museums


The Residenzplatz

It can be said that The Residenzplatz is the central core of the city. It is located on the left bank of the Salzach. Around this square are the city’s famous buildings such as the Salzburg Cathedral, the old houses that have now been turned into shops and canteens, and the Archbishop’s residence.

Residenzplatz, 5020 Salzburg

In The Residenzplatz, many carriages are waiting to take you on a dream trip around the square. You can enjoy the beautiful fountain in the middle of the square while having a ride in the carriage. The figure of this fountain was made in 1661 by an Italian stone worker. At the bottom are several horses and at the top is a large dolphin.

Residenzplatz, 5020 Salzburg

Many important and public events take place in The Residenzplatz. For instance every year, people gather in this square before the new year and celebrate the arrival of it together.

Address: Residenzplatz, 5020 Salzburg



Getreidegasse is one of the oldest and most famous areas of Salzburg, in fact, Getreidegasse is one of the oldest streets in the city, where various goods such as jewelry, traditional clothing, and souvenirs of the city are for sale.



Fortress Hohensalzburg

This beautiful and eye-catching castle is located southeast of Mönchsberg. Hohensalzburg Fortress was inherent 1077 and you can arrive at this excellent mansion with a 20-minute stroll from the old town place or by means of the Festungsgasse railroad.

Fortress Hohen salzburg

This castle is located on top of the Festungsberg hill and is known as the most famous tourist attraction in Salzburg. In the past, the fortress was in the hands of the army and it was used for military purposes. Today, this castle is used for various purposes. For example, for holding international programs and festivals and concerts and carnivals.

Fortress Hohen salzburg

Another place in this fortress that may attract you is St. George’s Cathedral, which is one of the famous tourist attractions of Salzburg. Among the interesting details of the interior architecture of this castle, we can mention the late Gothic decoration and beautiful paintings.

Also due to the military use of this castle; There are many weapons and torture tools in this castle that you may find interesting.

Address: Mönchsberg 34, 5020 Salzburg

Official site:


Sights of St. Peter

  • Peter’s Abbey

St. Peter’s Abbey is located on the west side of Salzburg. This impressive church was the residence of Archbishops until 1110. The architect of this beautiful church was Saint Rupert, who founded this church in 690 AD. One of the beauties of this church, which has become a tourist attraction, is St.


Peter’s Cemetery, which is full of 17th-century tombs and family vaults. You can use the passage of this church and go to St. Peter’s Fountain, which was built in 1673. Also, you can see the grave of Johann Michael Haydn, the brother of the great composer and musician Joseph Haydn.

Address: Sankt-Peter-Bezirk 1, 5020


  • Petersfriedhof

St. Peter’s Cemetery is the oldest cemetery in Salzburg and even in the whole of Austria. This beautiful cemetery was built in 1627.


Of course, today no one can be buried in this cemetery because this cemetery is full of graves of nobles of the 17th century. One of the nobles buried in this cemetery is the sister of the great musician, Mozart.

Besides, the cemetery, like many other Salzburg tourist attractions, was the location of the filming of the famous movie, The Sound of Music.


Salzburg’s Festival Theaters

One of the most popular things in Salzburg is its music festivals. These festivals are shown in different halls and theaters of the city.

Salzburg's Festival Theaters

One of the biggest and most ancient performance centers in the city is the Festspielhäuser. The structure was set up in 1913 and is embellished with wonderful compositions from the seventeenth century.

Salzburg's Festival Theaters

Since 1925, the building has been the venue for the five-week summer festival featuring Europe’s best concerts and theaters.

Address: Hofstallgasse 1, A-5010

Official site:


Other sights in Salzburg:

  • Salzburg Zoo
  • Salzburg Museum
  • Museum of Modern Art
  • Museum of Natural History
  • DomQuartier Salzburg


Food & Drink


Salzburg Popular Foods

mainly, Salzburg and Austria have altogether different and heavenly food and sweets. Here are a few instances of the most mainstream dishes in the city of Salzburg.


  • The topfenstrudel

Topfenstrudel is one of Salzburg’s most popular desserts. Topfenstrudel is cooked with special cheese and garnished with apricots, raisins, or peaches. This dessert dates back to the Ottoman Empire when the Austro-Hungarian Empire was still standing.

Salzburg Popular Foods


  • Tafelspitz

Tafelspitz is one of the most popular main dishes throughout Austria and Salzburg. This dish is made from steamed beef.



  • Rindsuppe

Rindsuppe is one of the most popular soups in Austria. In general, soup is one of the main parts of meals in Austria, and rindsuppe, which is made from various vegetables such as carrots, parsley, onions, and meat, is one of the most popular soups.

Other popular Salzburg dishes

  • Other popular Salzburg dishes include the following.
  • Salzburger nockerl
  • Kasnocken
  • Spinal cord


Salzburg’s popular drinks

Salzburg’s most popular drinks are mostly alcoholic beverages, the most popular of which are:

  • Beer breweries
  • Augustiner Bräu Kloster Mülln
  • Stieglbrauerei at Salzburg
  • Trumer private brewery




Salzburg’s major shopping malls

  • Getreidgasse

Getreidgasse is the most popular place to go to buy souvenirs and various items. Getreidgass is the oldest and most beautiful of the 87 major shopping malls in Salzburg.


  • Residenzgalerie Salzburg

When you are at Residenzgalerie Salzburg, in addition to shops, there are many museums and places of interest that you can visit after your shopping.



You may want to visit EUROPARK as soon as you arrive in Salzburg to get local SIM cards. One of the good features of EUROPARK for those who rent a private car is that it has a good parking space.


  • Other Salzburg shopping malls:
    • Einfach Schoen MODE
    • Spirits Sporer
    • Designer Outlet Salzburg


Important souvenirs of the city of Salzburg

The city of Salzburg also has a variety of souvenirs due to its rich history. if it is your first time in the city, you may want to buy something in order to remember your delightful travel to Salzburg.

The most popular souvenirs of Salzburg are:

  • Mozart Balls
  • Christmas Decorations
  • Sachertorte
  • Schnapps
  • Mozart Rubber Duck
  • Anything Related to The Sound Of Music movie
  • Bear Wearing Lederhosen
  • Snow Globe


Getting Around in Salzburg

Transportation in the city of Salzburg

Salzburg is one of the most environmentally friendly cities in the world. For this reason, it uses an environmentally friendly public transportation system which reduces the damages to the environment. Depending on your destination, you can use buses, city trains, and subways, or even go cycling!

Transportation in the city of Salzburg

trolleybuses in Salzburg, travel arrive every ten minutes in the station, and the regular buses arrive in the station about once every fifteen minutes. You can follow the bus schedule from

Transportation in the city of Salzburg

You can buy the ticket you need from Trafiken before going to public transport stations. Trafikens are all over the city and you can easily buy every ticket that you need from them.


Salzburg Universities

As the city of Salzburg has a population of about 150,887 and is the fourth largest city in Austria, so it has large universities and different courses to study. Every year, many people apply to enroll and participate in the universities of this city.

Salzburg Universities

Salzburg famous Universities:

  • University of Salzburg
  • Mozarteum University
  • Paracelsus Medical University
  • Salzburg College
  • University of Applied Sciences Salzburg


The habit of the people of Salzburg and the culture of the city

Salzburg has been a terminus for travelers from everywhere in the world for a long time because of its historical relics and characteristic attractions. That is why the locals are accustomed to the presence of tourists in the city and treat them like common folks so most tourists say that the citizens are very friendly and fun.

If you go to this city during the famous festivals, you will see that the locals wear beautiful and fancy clothes to celebrate the event.


City at night

The city of Salzburg does not lose its charm during the night and it is as active as the day. You can do a lot of things at night and enjoy your stay in this city. You can visit different pubs and restaurants in the city. Or enjoy night concerts or operas and theaters.

The city of Salzburg

List of places you can go at night:

  • Augustiner Braustubl
  • Mozart Dinner Concert
  • Salzburg Marionette Theater
  • Grosses Festivalshaus



The city of Salzburg is one of the most secure cities in the world and the crime rate in this city is very low. So you can easily enjoy night walks in this city without worrying about your safety.


Festivals of Salzburg

  • Salzburg Easter Festival

There are various celebrations and festivals in Salzburg throughout the year. One of the most famous festivals in the city is the Salzburg Easter Festival, which has been held since 1967 during Easter time.

Festivals of Salzburg


  • Salzburger Festspiele

Another of the city’s most famous festivals is the Salzburg Festival. The festival dates back to 1920 and lasts about 5 weeks and is held every year in late July. This festival is about music and every year during this festival; Various theaters, operas, and concerts are held.

Festivals of Salzburg


  • Salzburger Pfingstfestspiele

The festival has been running since 1973 and was first conceived by Herbert von Karajan. This festival is also about music and it lasts about 4 days and various concerts from different composers are held in it.


Economy of Salzburg

according to data from Eurostat in 2019, Salzburg with an annual domestic production of 27.6 billion euros in 2017, accounts for 7.5% of Austria’s GDP. The region’s per capita GDP in purchasing power parity (PPS) standards is € 44,500 higher than the Austrian average (€ 37,400) and the European Union (€ 29,500), so Salzburg is a wealthy country.

So if you are planning to travel to Salzburg, you should save around 97 Euros. According to a survey of tourists in the city, you should spend an average of 23 euros per meal and about 10 euros on transportation.



Due to its geographical location, Salzburg has a good climate with cold winters and hot summers with scattered rainfall throughout the year.

Climate in Salzburg (Salzburg), Austri

So, in general, we can say that this city has a temperate climate. However, if you are not a fan of rain, you should know that this city is exposed to Schnürlregen, which is a type of rain that is high in intensity and short in duration.


Salzburg weather in spring and autumn

The city has a temperate and cool climate in the spring. Infrequently there will be occasional rainfall. Salzburg spring autumn nights are often cool and if you want to go out at night, it is better not to forget your jacket.

Climate in Salzburg (Salzburg), Austri


Salzburg Weather in Winter

Most of the winter days the weather in Salzburg is cold and if you are a fan of winter sports, this season is suitable for your trip. But if you want to enjoy the natural scenery of this city, we recommend you to visit this city in another season.


Salzburg weather in summer

Salzburg’s weather is often warm in summer. But sometimes they can get cold at night. You may see sporadic rains this season, sometimes with severe storms in the summer. But do not worry because these rains are often short-lived.

Climate in Salzburg (Salzburg), Austri


When is the best time to visit Salzburg?

If you like the temperature to be moderate and between 20 and 25 degrees Celsius, the best time to visit Salzburg is in June, July and, September.

But if you like rainy weather, April, May, June, July, August, September, November and December are the months of the year when the probability of rain is high.


General information about the weather

  • The warmest month of the year is August, with temperatures reaching 23 ° C.
  • The rainiest month of the year; is the month of July.
  • The coldest month of the year is January when the temperature reaches 1 ° C.
  • And the driest month of the year is February.


Rainfall in Salzburg

The amount of annual rainfall in Salzburg is about 185 mm which is a considerate statistic. the city is exposed to summer storms due to its geographical position.

Rainfall in Salzburg


Questions and short answer about salzburg

Does Salzburg have an airport?

Yes; Salzburg Airport is the second largest airport in Austria. The airport is only 3.6 km from city.

Of course, there are other airports through which you can get to the city:

  • Munich Airport, 112 km from Salzburg
  • Innsbruck airport, 140.7 km from Salzburg.
  • Ljubljana, 204.6 km from Salzburg.


Does Salzburg have uber?

Yes; In addition to uber, RideGuru – Rideshares, Lyft, Ola, and Didi are available in Salzburg, Austria.


Does Salzburg have a metro?

Salzburg’s S-Bahn system connects central Salzburg to the rest of the city with an attractive rail network. The S-Bahn lines are operated by ÖBB, Salzburger Lokalbahnen and Berchtesgadener Land Bahn.


Does Salzburg get snow in December?

Yes, December is the month with the most snowfall during the year. It snows about 13.1 days in Salzburg in December. In addition to December, snow can be expected in November, January, and March.


Does Salzburg have mountains?

Salzkammergut-Berge or The Salzkammergut Mountains, is a famous mountain range in the Northern Limestone Alps in Salzburg city. The city also has famous peaks which are:

  • Großvenediger 3,674 meters high
  • Großes Wiesbachhorn 3,564 meters high
  • Dreiherrnspitze 3,499 meters high
  • Hoher Tenn 3,368 meters high
  • Großer Geiger 3,360 meters high
  • Hohe Riffl 3,338 meters high
  • Reichenspitz 3,303 meters high
  • Hocharn 3.254 meters high

Does Salzburg have snow at Christmas?

Since December and January are the coldest months of the year in the city, do not worry about snow, in December you will, at last, see 2 hours of sunshine per day and you have to be prepared for the cold weather, snow, and rain.


Is Salzburg in Austria?

Salzburg is the capital of Salzburg Bundesland (federal state) and it is located in north-central Austria. This gorgeous city is on both sides of the Salzach River near the northern foothills of the Alps and the Bavarian (German) border.


Is Salzburg worth visiting?

Do not doubt, the city is a combination of historical and natural tourist attractions. By traveling to this city, you can enjoy the natural attractions, beautiful landscapes, and clean air of this city, as well as historical monuments, magnificent old churches, and palaces.

Besides, this city is one of the tourist-friendly cities in the world, and meeting and talking with local people can put you in a good mood.


what’s Salzburg famous for?

Salzburg is best known for its Baroque architecture and general natural beauty. Also, Mozart’s famous musicians were born in the city, which, along with the Salzburg Festival, which annually hosts various operas, concerts, and theaters, are other reasons why the city is this famous.


When are Salzburg festivals?

the coties main festival, the Salzburg Festival, starts on July 26 each year and runs until October 31.


When does the Salzburg Christmas market start?

The Salzburg Christmas market, which is held every year in Cathedral Square, starts at the beginning of December and lasts until the 26th of this month. This market, which is the oldest market in the city, has a very romantic atmosphere and in addition to walking in it and enjoying the window shopping, you can also enjoy gingerbread and Christmas decorations and cookies.



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